More than one type of weight loss surgery is available. Still, most of these strive to reduce intake of food and drinks so that people can lose weight. Certain procedures will impact how nutrients are absorbed and the general process of digestion. All procedures come with potential dangers. With these procedures, people are susceptible to blood clots, infections and hernias.
Research is key and should be done by patients. It is also encouraged that they consult with doctors, especially to discuss questions and concerns. Surgeons will do assessments of patients to make sure they are fit for the surgery and determine the best course of action. They will also give them information on what to expect throughout the entire process.
It is important to note that results will differ by situation. Every surgery is expected to have its own cons and pros. Many people expect to lose the weight fast after these surgeries but may gain some of it back and balance over time. People who follow their diet and exercise plans should find this to be a success. Follow-up appointments will be required for these patients for the rest of their lives.
Ideal candidates for weight loss surgery are obese or overweight. They should be adults, although some teens who are extremely overweight may get approval. Usually they have one or multiple medical problems that are the result of their weight. They are fully aware of the risks involve, as well as the possible benefits. It is essential that they have made a strong commitment to follow through with this process, especially after the surgery is complete. People should do research and consult with their doctors when considering their options.
Gastric sleeve, duodenal switch, gastric bypass and adjustable gastric band are found of the most common surgeries used for these purposes. These processes involve some level of stomach and small intestine alteration. Gastric bypass is done to keep a small pouch of stomach that can hold little amounts. Foods and drinks will bypass the stomach, instead being fed into the pouch and to the small intestine.
The adjustable gastric band procedure is when a small band is put around the top area of the stomach. This is, as the name suggests, adjustable and can be changed based on patient needs. The band can regulate how much food can be consumed. Gastric sleeve is a process that involves removing some of the stomach. A narrow, small section at the top will remain. This is also ideal for people who want to curb ghrelin, which is known as the hunger hormone.
Duodenal switch also limits consumption amounts. It involves some stomach removal in order to use the gastric sleeve for bypassing the small intestine. This process also changes how the body absorbs nutrients, which could lead to patients having vitamin and mineral deficiencies.
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