Depending on the requirement of the patient, there are different methods of going about gastric bypass surgical procedure. It is effective in reducing the size of the stomach and treatment of obesity-related ailments, sleep apnea and hypertension among others. This procedure has both complications and health benefits that arise from it.
The procedure is commonly carried out for the treatment of morbid obesity whereby no forms of weight loss dieting or measures seem to help a patient. Once this surgery is undertaken, no other diet plans is required. The reason it is mainly applied for weight loss is because excess weight may contribute to other comorbid ailments that may lead to death of a patient. A patient is deemed overweight when they have a BMI of 40 and above and suffering from a comorbid condition. One of the various surgical procedures used to curb obesity, this is among the most common one.
The surgical procedure basically involves the surgeon creating a division in the stomach where the top part is smaller than the lower part and hence have a bypass made by the small intestine in the two regions. This process entirely helps one regulate the amount of food one eats. Even under gastric bypass surgical procedure, there are other options under it that surgeons would opt for.
Examples of how the surgeon can arrange the small intestine is endoscopic duodenal and mini gastric bypasses among others. These procedures are used to reduce stomach size by limiting the ability of the stomach to stretch. Therefore, the patient is made to eat slowly in order to prevent vomiting or discomfort. Because of this, the patient is required to adjust his or her eating habits.
There are certain complications associated with this kind of procedure. They may be made worse by risk factors like obesity, diabetes and heart disease. They are among others; infections from the incisions made in the abdomen that are brought about by bacteria from the bowel, for instance, pneumonia, kidney and bladder infections. These are referred to as nosocomial infections or can be blood borne infections known as sepsis. To reduce infections the patient may temporarily use antibiotics, go through therapy and be involved in many activities.
Hemorrhage is another type of complication that results from blood vessels bleeding after the procedure since they have to be cut during the surgery. To avoid this, the patient is advised to use blood thinners. This form of surgery tends to lead to an anastomotic ulcer which is brought about by a limited supply of blood to the stomach which can be prevented by avoiding consumption of solid foods.
This procedure has a lot of benefits too like weight loss and reversal of conditions like diabetes and hyperlipidemia but it may be depressing to a patient due to the drastic change of diet. There are also follow up surgeries like skin lifts that pose a health risk and emotional strain on the patient.
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